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Patterns and trends in OSHA occupational noise exposure measurements from 1979 to 2013
  1. Stephanie K Sayler1,
  2. Benjamin J Roberts1,2,
  3. Michael A Manning1,
  4. Kan Sun1,
  5. Richard L Neitzel1
  1. 1 Department of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
  2. 2 Cardno ChemRisk, Chicago, Illinois, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Richard L Neitzel, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor MI 48109, USA; rneitzel{at}


Objectives Noise is one of the most common exposures, and occupational noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is highly prevalent. In addition to NIHL, noise is linked to numerous non-auditory health effects. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) maintains the Integrated Management Information System (IMIS) database of compliance-related measurements performed in various industries across the USA. The goal of the current study was to describe and analyse personal noise measurements available through the OSHA IMIS, identifying industries with elevated personal noise levels or increasing trends in worker exposure over time.

Methods Through a Freedom of Information Act request, we obtained OSHA’s noise measurements collected and stored in IMIS between 1979 and 2013 and analysed permissible exposure limit (PEL) and action level (AL) criteria measurements by two-digit industry code.

Results The manufacturing industry represented 87.8% of the 93 920 PEL measurements and 84.6% of the 58 073 AL measurements. The highest mean noise levels were found among the agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting industry for PEL (93.1 dBA) and the mining, quarrying and oil and gas extraction group for AL (93.3 dBA). Overall, measurements generally showed a decreasing trend in noise levels and exceedances of AL and PEL by year, although this was not true for all industries.

Conclusions Our results suggest that, despite reductions in noise over time, further noise control interventions are warranted both inside and outside of the manufacturing industry. Further reductions in occupational noise exposures across many industries are necessary to continue to reduce the risk of occupational NIHL.

  • hygiene / occupational hygiene
  • acoustics
  • hearing
  • noise
  • exposure assessment

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  • Contributors RLN conceived of and planned the study, and has overall responsibility for the content. SKS assisted with planning and execution of the study and led the manuscript preparation efforts. BJR, MAM and KS conducted the analyses and contributed to the manuscript preparation efforts.

  • Funding This study was funded by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, grant number R21OH0 10482: Development of a US/Canadian Job Exposure Matrix (JEM) for Noise.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.