Article Text

Download PDFPDF

965 Social determinants and gender differences in work-life conflict: the effects of age and marriage
  1. Ceyda Sahan1,
  2. Yucel Demiral1,2
  1. 1Occupational Medicine Department, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey
  2. 2Public Health Department, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey


Introduction Work–life conflict (WLC) is defined as ‘…a form of inter-role conflict in which work and family demands are mutually incompatible, meeting demands of both the domains is difficult’ and has become a new topic of research interest. The aim of the study was evaluating social determinants and gender differences in WLC.

Methods The study has been carried out in three workplaces (Call centre, plastic and metal industry) in 807 workers between 01.08.2016 and 01.01.2017. Independent variables were age, gender, maritual status, educational status and occupational class. Dependent variable was WLC. Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire-3 were used to evaluate work life conflict. We analysed the association between social determinants and work life conflict by using chi-square test and logistic regression.

Results Mean age of men and women were 32.1±7.4, 27.2±6.6, respectively. 43.0% were women. WLC was found higher in women (55.9%) than men (42.4%) (p<0.001). White collar, younger and high educated workers had higher risk of having WLC than their reference groups (p<0.05 for all comparisons). Logistic regression analysis revealed that, being younger and married were independently associated with WLC (p<0.05) in women. Being younger was independently associated with WLC (p<0.05) in men. There were no association between educational status or occupational class and WLC in both gender.

Conclusion In this study, an inverse relationship was found between age of the employees and WLC. Marital status is important factor in women but not men in terms of WLC.

  • Psychosocial risks
  • gender
  • work life conflict
  • Turkey

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.