Introduction The main objective of this study was to ascertain whether hospital admission related to the injury in all South Korea female firefighters has increased compared to general population and to find out if there is any difference according to the job types and work duration.
Method The present study compared hospital admissions for injury, based on ICD-10 codes in Korean female firefighters with those in the general Korean population. Standardised admission ratios (SARs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated by using person-years and mortality computation software.
Result Compared to the general female population, all of injury (SAR=1.57, 95% CI: 1.24 to 1.96) as well as for injury to abdomen, lower back, lumbar spine and pelvis (SAR=2.78, 95% CI: 1.81 to 4.07) in female firefighters were significantly high. The SARs of female firefighter whose working duration <10 years in fire suppression (SAR=3.34, 95% CI: 1.52 to 6.35), Emergency Medical Service (EMS) (SAR=2.86, 95% CI: 1.35 to 5.27) and office (SAR=3.69, 95% CI: 1.68 to 7.00) were significantly high. In addition, the SAR values for injuries to knee and lower leg (SAR=2.48, 95% CI: 1.18 1 to 4.55) in female Firefighters working in the EMS were significantly high
Discussion Efforts should be made to prevent lumbar injury in female firefighters with short work duration. Female firefighter who working in EMS need to carful about lower body injuries Further study is need to identify and prevent injury the occurrence of injury in female firefighters.
Abbreviations SAR, standardised admission ratio; CI, confidence interval; EMS, Emergency Medical Service
Acknowledgments This research was supported by a grant [2017-MPSS25-031-01010000-2017] through the National Disaster Management Research Institute funded by Ministry of Public Safety and Security of Korean government.
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