The International Labour Organisation (ILO) Governing Body during its 307th session in March 2010 approved the updated list of occupational diseases. The 2010 ILO list contains 106 items in four categories. The World Health Organisation (WHO) is a United Nations organisation, as is ILO, and produces the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) with the current version being the 10th edition in which there are 14 199 codes. ICD serves as the international health information standard for collection, classification, processing, and presentation of disease-related data in national and international health statistics. ICD is being revised to better reflect progress in health sciences and medical practice. In line with advances in information technology, ICD-11 will be used with electronic health applications and information systems. The 60th World Health Assembly in 2007 endorsed Resolution WHA60.26 that requested WHO to determine international exposure and diagnostic criteria for early detection of occupational diseases and to include occupational causes of diseases in ICD11. An important aspect of agreement was that there would be partnership and joint action with ILO for implementation. Accordingly ILO established an expert working group for the purpose of determining exposure and diagnostic criteria for the list of occupational diseases. The work of this group has been complementary to that of the WHO working group on occupational health for ICD-11 revision and supported the inclusion of recognised occupational diseases in ICD-11. The ILO descriptions will be particularly relevant to physicians, regulators, compensation bodies and insurers, as well as to workers and their representatives. The ICD-11 will allow representation of these diagnoses with disease codes and will when fully populated also present epidemiologic, diagnostic and functioning information. These two developments therefore support common goals of disease recognition, notification and recording.
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