Article Text


148 Relations between work environment factors, burnout and health of the military personnel
  1. E M Merisalu,
  2. V ähi Viin,
  3. Jõgeva,
  4. Orru
  1. University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia


Aim The purpose of present study was to examine relations between work environment factors, burnout and state of health of the military personnel and to find factors that can affect the level of burnout and adverse health status.

Method The data has been gathered by the anonymous questionnaire in 2008–2009. The target group consisted of 3199 military men. Six structural units were included into the study.

Results Study group consisted of 641 persons, whereas 45% of them were servants, 31% executive officers and 20% officers (4% unknown). 55% of respondents were female (mainly servants) and 44% men (mainly officers). The average age of the study group was 39 years (SD 11) and their average work experience 6 years (max 40 yrs).

In general military personnel found their health to be good and they were fairly satisfied with their working environment. But the respondents with higher burnout levels assessed more negatively their work environment and health status. They perceived more often work-family conflict, lack of instructions, lower appreciation and less internest toward work. Also, they measured deeper tiredness and depression and more psyco-somatic disorders. Male officers and female servants were more negative in their answers than male noncommissioned officers and male servants.

Conclusions That to prevent burnout and health problems among military personnel it is needful to pay more attention on work environment and work organisation.

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