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Is hymenoptera venom allergy an occupational disease?
  1. P Bonadonna1,
  2. M Schiappoli1,
  3. A Dama1,
  4. M Olivieri2,
  5. L Perbellini2,
  6. G Senna2,
  7. G Passalacqua3
  1. 1
    Allergy Service, Verona General Hospital, Verona, Italy
  2. 2
    Department of Medicine and Public Health, Section of Occupational Health, University of Verona, Verona, Italy
  3. 3
    Allergy and Respiratory Diseases, DIMI, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy
  1. Giovanni Passalacqua, MD, Allergy & Respiratory Diseases, Dept of Internal Medicine, Padiglione Maragliano, L.go R. Benzi 10, 16132 Genoa, Italy; passalacqua{at}

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Hymenoptera venom allergy (HVA) affects approximately 5% of the population1 and may provoke severe systemic or life-threatening reactions. A detailed diagnosis usually allows the allergen to be identified and a specific immunotherapy that confers an effective protection against stings to be prescribed.2 Much is known about the risk factors for HVA. Among these factors, the extent of exposure plays a major role, so that some categories of workers (eg beekeepers and gardeners) are at higher risk of sensitisation and clinical manifestations.3 Little is known about the quantitative relevance and relative weight as a risk factor of the different occupations and it is not known if there is a …

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