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The confounding effects of intra-oral metals in salivary biomarkers
  1. C Minoia1,
  2. A Ronchi1,
  3. I Veronese2,
  4. A Giussani3,
  5. G Guzzi4
  1. 1
    Laboratory of Environmental and Toxicology Testing “S Maugeri”- IRCCS, Pavia, Italy
  2. 2
    Universitè degli Studi di Milano, Dipartimento di Fisica and INFN, Sezione di Milano, Milan, Italy
  3. 3
    GSF, National Research Center for Environment and Health, Institute of Radiation Protection, Neuherberg, Germany
  4. 4
    Italian Association for Metals and Biocompatibility Research, AIRMEB, Milan, Italy
  1. Dr G Guzzi, Italian Association for Metals and Biocompatibility Research, AIRMEB, Via F Sforza 15, Milan 20122, Italy; gianpaolo_guzzi{at}

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In their Education article in the March issue (Occup Environ Med 2007;64:202–10), Koh and Koh interestingly propose that measurements of heavy metals (for example, lead and cadmium) in saliva may be a novel and promising approach to occupational health, revealing the patient’s risk of systemic exposure to toxicants. We would like to share our experience regarding the assessment of metals …

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  • Competing interests: None declared.

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