Background: Little is known about work strain and smoking, and even less about work strain and nicotine dependence.
Aim: To investigate the relations of perceived work strain with nicotine dependence among an adult general population sample.
Method: Cross sectional survey with a probability sample of residents of a northern German area with 4075 participants, aged 18–64 years (participation rate 70.2%). The current study is based on 2549 participants who were working 15 or more hours per week. Face to face at-home computer aided interviews (World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview) were carried out. Work strain, defined as high work demand and low work control, was assessed with a questionnaire. Nicotine dependence was diagnosed according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV) of the American Psychiatric Association. In addition, the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) was used.
Results: Subjects with work strain had an odds ratio of 1.6 (95% CI 1.2 to 2.3) for nicotine dependence compared to those who had no work strain. In a general linear model, higher work strain was associated with a stronger relation between work demand and work control and the FTND. The findings were adjusted for alcohol use disorders, occupational status, age, and sex.
Conclusion: Perceived work strain is related to nicotine dependence in this general adult population.
- CIDI, Composite International Diagnostic Interview
- DSM-IV, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (of the American Psychiatric Association)
- FTND, Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence
- nicotine dependence
- alcohol dependence
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.
Institution to which the work should be attributed: University of Greifswald, Institute of Epidemiology and Social Medicine