Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Predictors of early leaving from the cotton spinning mill environment in newly hired workers
  1. N Bakirci1,
  2. S Kalaca1,
  3. A M Fletcher2,
  4. C A C Pickering2,
  5. N Tumerdem1,
  6. S Cali1,
  7. L Oldham2,
  8. H Francis2,
  9. R McL Niven2
  1. 1Marmara University, School of Medicine, Department of Public Health, Haydarpasa Istanbul, Turkey
  2. 2North West Lung Centre, Wythenshawe Hospital, Manchester, UK
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr N Bakirci
 Marmara University, School of Medicine, Department of Public Health, 34668 Haydarpasa, Istanbul, Turkey; nbakirci{at}


Objective: This longitudinal study aimed to identify the predictors of leaving during the first year of employment from the cotton spinning mill environment in newly hired workers.

Methods: One hundred and ninety eight consecutively appointed new employees were investigated by questionnaire, lung function test, and skin test. They were examined before employment and at the end of the 1st week, and the 1st, 3rd, 6th, and 12th month after starting work and when possible before leaving their job. 572 personal dust sampling and 191 endotoxin measurements were performed to assess the environmental exposure. For the univariate analysis χ2, Student t tests, ANOVA, and Kruskall Wallis tests were used. Cox proportional hazards analysis was used to identify factors associated with leaving the job.

Results: Fifty three per cent of workers left the mill environment during their first working year. Work related lower respiratory tract symptoms reported at the third month were associated with an increase rate of leaving the industry compared to those remaining in the industry (25% v 4.8%; p<0.005). Having respiratory symptoms at the first month of work predicted those leaving the industry at some point in the next 11 months. According to the Cox model, increasing age and having work related lower respiratory tract symptoms were found to be predictors for leaving job at the first working year. Atopic status, dust and endotoxin levels, and lung function changes were not consistently predictive of workers who left the industry in the follow up period.

Conclusion: This study demonstrated that work related respiratory symptoms can predict workers likely to leave the cotton mill environment during the first year of employment, but atopy or acute lung function changes do not.

  • FEV1, forced expiratory volume in one second
  • LRTS, lower respiratory tract symptoms
  • MRC, Medical Research Council
  • URTS, upper respiratory tract symptoms
  • WR, work related
  • byssinosis
  • cotton dust
  • healthy worker effect
  • respiratory symptoms
  • textile workers

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.


Linked Articles