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P1.1 METHODOLOGICAL AND LOGISTIC ISSUES REGARDING A STUDY ON MORTALITY CAUSED BY VIOLENCE AT WORK AND WORK RELATED INJURIES IN SALVADOR, BAHIA, BRAZIL
L. C. C. Nobre1, M. Kato1, F. M. Carvalho2.1FUNDACENTRO-CRBA, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil; 2Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil
Introduction: The Brazilian Mortality Information System does not provide information whether death is work related in most of the cases. The typical work related cases are those attributed to workers injured during their activity with a formal employment contract and were registered among the few deaths from other causes. However, many more deaths could have occurred while workers were on their way to work, at the workplace but apparently not classified as job related injury, and during activities not considered as typical jobs (informal and illegal activities).
Method: We conducted personal interviews among relatives of the deceased using standardised questionnaires to assess the incidence of work related deaths in Salvador metropolitan area occurred in 2004.
Results: The pilot study comprised 145 deaths due to external causes of five subdistricts in Salvador, yielding 93 interviews (64%), 15 refusals (10%), 22 changes of address (15%), and nine not located cases (6%). The investigated deaths occurred mainly among those with lower income living in poorly urbanised areas, frequently considered violent neighbourhoods. Identifying the address of the relatives to be interviewed was the most difficult path because Salvador is a city that underwent an intense and disorganised growth in recent years, with a number of shantytowns located inside better neighbourhoods, changes in the street names, and phone service not available for all the population. With the highest unemployment rate in Brazil, Salvador is also a violent city and interviewers had sometimes difficulties in approaching the neighbourhood. Some relatives of deceaseds refused to answer questions because they still felt threatened.
Conclusions: Several strategies were adopted to deal with logistic difficulties. …