Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Oral Session 5 – Stress

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.


J. S. C. Shiao1, Y. Tseng2, M. J. Yang3, Y. Cheng4, Y. L. Guo2.1Department of Nursing, Chung Hwa College of Medical Technology, Tainan, Taiwan; 2Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan; 3Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 4Department of Health Policy and Management, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan

Introduction: Job stress in nurses is known to be caused by heavy workload, shift work, emergencies, needlestick injuries, and infectious disease. A significant relationship has been found between job stress and depression, frustration, job dissatisfaction, and burnout in nurses.

Objective: To assess the association between job stress and nurses’ subjective perception of mental health.

Methods: Nurses working in five psychiatric hospitals and four general hospitals in Taiwan were recruited for a questionnaire survey. The job stress questionnaire was based on the conceptual framework of job stress model, Karasek’s demand–control model (JCQ), Siegrist’s effort–reward imbalance (ERI) model, and additional items including assault and shift work. The Taiwan Depression Questionnaire (TDQ) was also included.

Results: A total of 1030 questionnaires were completed (77% response rate). Among the nurses in the psychiatric institutions, 14.8% were in the effort–reward imbalance group and 16.7% had depressive syndrome. Shift working was associated with poorer mental health. Among the nurses in the general hospitals, 21.8% were in the effort–reward imbalance group and 24.0% had depressive syndrome. Shorter tenure and shift working were associated with effort–reward imbalance. In both types of hospitals, depressive syndrome was found more in the younger age, effort–reward imbalance, and high demand–low control groups.

Conclusion: Among nurses in psychiatric institutions and general hospitals, depression syndrome …

View Full Text