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Psychosocial factors at work in relation to low back pain and consequences of low back pain; a systematic, critical review of prospective cohort studies
  1. J Hartvigsen1,
  2. S Lings2,
  3. C Leboeuf-Yde3,
  4. L Bakketeig4
  1. 1Nordic Institute of Chiropractic and Clinical Biomechanics, Klosterbakken 20, 5000 Odense C, Denmark
  2. 2Odense University Hospital, Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sdr. Boulevard 29, 5000 Odense C, Denmark
  3. 3The Medical Research Unit in Ringkøbing County, Torvet 1, 6950 Ringkøbing, Denmark
  4. 4University of Southern Denmark, Institute of Public Health, Epidemiology, Sdr. Boulevard 23A, 5000 Odense C
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr J Hartvigsen
 Senior Researcher, Nordic Institute of Chiropractic and Clinical Biomechanics, Klosterbakken 20, 5000 Odense C, Denmark;


Relevant studies of low back pain (LBP) published between 1990 and 2002 were systematically retrieved via electronic databases and checking of reference lists. Forty papers fulfilled the inclusion criteria; 10 were of high quality. A wide variety of instruments had been used for collection of data on work related psychosocial factors, many of which had not undergone any form of validation. Moderate evidence was found for no association between LBP and perception of work, organisational aspects of work, and social support at work. There was insufficient evidence for a positive association between stress at work and LBP. No conclusions could be drawn regarding perception of work and consequences of LBP. There was strong evidence for no association between organisational aspects of work and moderate evidence for no association between social support at work and stress at work and consequences of LBP.

  • job satisfaction
  • low back pain
  • psychosocial factors
  • review
  • social support
  • stress

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