Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Winter air pollution and respiratory function
  1. M Lippmann
  1. New York University School of Medicine, Tuxedo, New York, USA
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr M Lippmann, Professor of Environmental Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, Tuxedo, NY 10987, USA; lippmann{at}

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

It is neither easy nor inexpensive to find significant air pollution health effects in contemporary populations in economically advanced countries with relatively clean air

There has been growing concern about the effects of community air pollution on children for several reasons. These include:

  1. A rapidly growing and generally coherent body of epidemiological studies showing statistically significant (albeit small) increases in relative risk for particulate matter (PM) associated mortality and morbidity, as well as relatively large ozone associated functional decrements.

  2. A rapidly growing prevalence of asthma and wheeze among children, and a recognition that such children are at greater risk for air pollution related health effects than other children.

  3. A recognition that children receive greater lung doses of airborne pollutants than adults because they spend more of their time in vigorous activity out of doors and breathe air more deeply into their smaller lungs.

In the paper entitled …

View Full Text