Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Investigation of disease risks in small areas.
  1. P Elliott
  1. Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.


    The investigation of disease risks in small areas is complicated by many issues including data quality, the retrospective nature of the statistical testing, the problems of boundary definitions in time and space around a putative disease cluster, and the lack of generally accepted definitions of the key terminology. Routine data systems have revolutionised the initial investigation of disease risks near sources of environmental pollution, although problems of data analysis and interpretation remain. This is especially true of unmeasured socioeconomic confounding, which could generate apparent positive results near a pollution source.

    Statistics from

    Request Permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.