Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Enzymuria in a population living near a cadmium battery plant.
  1. L Järup,
  2. M D Carlsson,
  3. C G Elinder,
  4. L Hellström,
  5. B Persson,
  6. A Schütz
  1. Department of Environmental Health and Infectious Diseases Control, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.


    OBJECTIVES--To study the body burden of cadmium and signs of tubular dysfunction in a rural population living near a closed nickel cadmium battery plant. METHODS--Cadmium and N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase (NAG) in urine were measured in 72 subjects who lived close to the plant. RESULTS--Residents living close to the plant had higher median urinary cadmium concentrations than those living farther away (1.01 v 0.46 nmol/mmol creatinine) and than a control group (0.2 nmol/mmol creatinine). There was a significant correlation between urinary cadmium and the excretion of NAG in urine as well as signs of tubular dysfunction in residents who excreted urinary cadmium above 0.5 nmol/mmol creatinine. CONCLUSION--Tubular dysfunction may appear in environmentally exposed subjects at lower cadmium body burdens than previously anticipated.

    Statistics from

    Request Permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.