Cause specific mortality was analysed among 883 white male workers from a paper company in Berlin, New Hampshire. Subjects were assigned to different exposure groups on the basis of their having worked in the pulp mill, the paper mill, or elsewhere in the paper company. A standardised mortality ratio (SMR) analysis was used to compare death rates for each of the exposure groups with United States national rates. For all the subjects, deaths due to all causes, all malignant neoplasms, and lung cancer were close to the number expected and excesses were noted for cancers of the digestive system and leukaemia. Among pulp mill workers, the number of cancers of the digestive system was raised and the SMR for pancreatic cancer was especially high (SMR = 305, 95% CI = 98-712). Among paper mill workers, more deaths were due to leukaemia and cancers of the digestive system than expected. These results are consistent with the findings from other studies that employment in pulp and paper mills is associated with excess mortality due to digestive and lymphopoietic cancers.
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