Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Variability in biological monitoring of organic solvent exposure. II. Application of a population physiological model.
  1. P O Droz,
  2. M M Wu,
  3. W G Cumberland
  1. School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles 90024.


    A physiological population model is used to study the variability associated with the biological monitoring of solvent exposure. The model consists of a combination of a physiological compartmental model and statistical simulation technique. Variable components considered are: exposure concentration, physical workload, body build, liver function, and renal function. The model is applied to six solvents: trichloroethylene, tetrachloroethylene, methylchloroform, benzene, toluene, and styrene. Biological indicators and air monitoring are compared as predictors of exposure, both external and internal (uptake, brain concentration, reactive metabolite formation). It appears that the choice of the best indicator depends on the type of exposure which is to be predicted. The effects of the various factors, environmental, physiological, or metabolic, are quantified and discussed. It is shown that fluctuation in exposure plays a large part in the final variability of biological indicator results. Further improvements and applications of this population model are considered.

    Statistics from

    Request Permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.