Table 2

Baseline and 6-month physical function by the intervention group

GroupBaseline 6 monthsGroup effect d
Sit-to-stands (s)Intervention
Control
11.3 (2.0)
11.2 (2.6)
10.3 (2.2)
10.6 (2.7)
β=−0.63
P=0.226
0.24
Fifty foot walk – usual pace (s)Intervention
Control
13.6 (1.7)
14.1 (2.5)
13.4 (1.7)
14.0 (2.9)
β=0.06
P=0.913
0.02
Fifty foot walk – fast pace (s)Intervention
Control
10.5 (1.2)
11.1 (2.0)
10.7 (1.3)
11.1 (2.2)
β=0.07
P=0.898
0.04
Timed up-and-go (s)Intervention
Control
7.8 (0.7)
8.3 (1.6)
7.6 (1.1)
8.1 (1.4)
β=0.25
P=0.421
0.15
Unloaded reach (cm)Intervention
Control
33.6 (6.8)
33.9 (5.1)
36.1 (7.3)
34.5 (4.8)
β=2.45
P=0.245
0.48
Loaded reach (cm)*Intervention
Control
23.5 (6.7)
23.4 (7.8)
24.0 (7.1)
23.4 (5.7)
β=0.43
P=0.856
0.06
  • Data displayed as mean (SD).

  • d is Cohen’s effect size.

  • β coefficients and p-values from linear regression models including group, time, education and baseline value as covariates.

  • *One control participant was unable to lift weight during loaded reach test at either assessment.