Table 3

Cause-specific Cox models for routes of work exit investigating whether favourable working conditions moderate the relation between chronic disease and risk of work exit

Any exit from work (5629/9040)Retirement
(4254/9040)
Health-related exit
(618/9040)
Unemployment
(254/9040)
HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)
Chronic diseaseLow job demandsχ2=0.04χ2=1.16χ2=3.74χ2=0.11
 NoNo1.01.01.01.0
 NoYes0.96 (0.90 to 1.02)1.01 (0.94 to 1.08)0.82 (0.65 to 0.99)0.83 (0.59 to 1.07)
 YesNo1.26 (1.14 to 1.37)1.02 (0.91 to 1.13)2.03 (1.49 to 2.57)1.02 (0.54 to 1.51)
 YesYes1.23 (1.10 to 1.36)0.94 (0.82 to 1.06)2.37 (1.74 to 3.01)0.95 (0.46 to 1.45)
Chronic diseaseHigh decision authorityχ2=0.07χ2=0.28χ2=0.22χ2=0.00
 NoNo1.01.01.01.0
 NoYes0.94 (0.88 to 1.00)0.97 (0.90 to 1.05)0.85 (0.67 to 1.02)0.78 (0.54 to 1.02)
 YesNo1.25 (1.13 to 1.37)0.96 (0.85 to 1.07)2.35 (1.80 to 2.89)1.08 (0.59 to 1.58)
 YesYes1.20 (1.08 to 1.32)0.98 (0.86 to 1.09)2.17 (1.54 to 2.81)0.83 (0.36 to 1.30)
Chronic diseaseHigh skill discretionχ2=0.00χ2=0.47χ2=0.26χ2=0.79
 NoNo1.01.01.01.0
 NoYes0.90 (0.84 to 0.96)0.90 (0.83 to 0.97)0.66 (0.51 to 0.81)1.14 (0.77 to 1.50)
 YesNo1.26 (1.15 to 1.38)0.96 (0.85 to 1.06)2.35 (1.83 to 2.87)1.23 (0.68 to 1.78)
 YesYes1.14 (1.01 to 1.26)0.91 (0.79 to 1.02)1.73 (1.17 to 2.28)1.01 (0.42 to 1.60)
Chronic diseaseHigh work social supportχ2=1.91χ2=0.90χ2=0.26χ2=0.39
 NoNo1.01.01.01.0
 NoYes0.97 (0.91 to 1.03)1.03 (0.96 to 1.11)0.77 (0.62 to 0.91)0.68 (0.50 to 0.87)
 YesNo1.20 (1.08 to 1.33)0.94 (0.83 to 1.06)2.33 (1.75 to 2.90)0.98 (0.51 to 1.44)
 YesYes1.28 (1.16 to 1.40)1.05 (0.93 to 1.17)1.96 (1.44 to 2.48)0.83 (0.41 to 1.26)
  • HRs with 95% CIs based on robust SEs. Observations n=45 926. Average relative variance increase=0.01. χ² test (1 degree of freedom) used to assess whether moderation is significant (critical value (p<0.05)=3.841). Models adjusted for gender, occupational grade level, still in civil service, educational level, partner’s employment status, depressive symptoms. Interactions between working conditions and chronic disease included in separate models; other working conditions included as covariates.

  • Bold values: p<0.05.