Table 1

The list of carcinogens as prioritised by Fernandez et al33

Agent groupAgent
Combustion products (3)Diesel engine exhaust
Environmental tobacco smoke
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)*
Inorganic dusts (2)Asbestos
Crystalline silica dust
Organic dusts (2)Leather dust
Wood dust
Metals (7)Arsenic and inorganic arsenic compounds
Beryllium and beryllium compounds
Cadmium and cadmium compounds
Chromium (VI) compounds
Cobalt metal and tungsten carbide
Inorganic lead compounds
Nickel compounds
Radiation (4)Artificial ultraviolet radiation (UVA, UVB, UVC)
Ionising radiation†
Radon-222 and its decay products
Solar radiation
Other industrial chemicals (19)Acid mists, strong inorganic
α-chlorinated toluenes‡
Diethyl sulfate
Dimethyl sulfate
Ethylene oxide
4,4′-methylenebis (2-chloroaniline) (MOCA)
N-nitrosodimethylamine and N-nitrosodiethylamine
ortho-Toluidine (2-aminotoluene)
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)§
Tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene)
Vinyl chloride
Non-chemical agents (1)Shiftwork that involves circadian disruption
  • *Includes benzo[a]pyrene, coal-tar pitch, creosotes, cyclopenta[cd]pyrene, dibenz[a,l]pyrene, frying emission from high temperatures, mineral oils (treated or mildly treated), soots.

  • †Fission products including strontium-90, ionising radiation (all types), neutron radiation, phosphorus-32 as phosphate, radioiodines including iodine-13, internally deposited α- and β-emitting radionuclides, x- and γ-radiation, and radium-224, radium-226, radium-228, thorium-232 and their decay products.

  • ‡Includes benzal chloride, benzotrichloride, benzyl chloride and benzoyl chloride.

  • §Includes 3,4,5,3′,4′-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB-126).