Table 1

Standardised mortality ratios (SMRs) by selected causes of death (1945–96, with the Italian population as the reference)

Cause of death by ICD-8 codes Observed deaths (n) Expected deaths (n) SMR 95% CI
All causes (001–999)424498.80.850.77 to 0.93
All malignant neoplasms (140–208)125148.20.840.70 to 1.00
 Buccal cavity and pharynx (140–149)54.71.050.34 to 2.46
 Oesophagus (150)33.60.840.17 to 2.45
 Stomach (151)2018.31.090.67 to 1.69
 Colon (153)107.71.300.62 to 2.39
 Liver, gall bladder, and bile duct (155–156)48.70.460.13 to 1.18
 Larynx (161)45.10.790.21 to 2.02
 Trachea, bronchus, and lung (162)3444.20.770.53 to 1.08
 Skin, including melanoma (172–173)31.32.290.47 to 6.69
 Prostate (185)108.31.200.58 to 2.21
 Testis (186)20.45.710.69 to 20.61
 Bladder (188)76.71.040.42 to 2.14
 Kidney (189)22.80.700.08 to 2.53
 Ill-defined and unspecified sites (195, 199)74.61.520.61 to 3.13
 Lymphatic and haematopoietic tissue (200–208)99.60.940.43 to 1.78
Circulatory system (390–459)181199.80.910.78 to 1.06
Respiratory system (460–519)4837.21.290.95 to 1.71
Digestive system (520–579)2441.20.580.37 to 0.86
External causes of death (800–999)1331.00.420.22 to 0.72