Article Text

other Versions

PDF
Original article
Food and nutrient intake among workers with different shift systems
  1. Katri Hemiö1,
  2. Sampsa Puttonen2,3,
  3. Katriina Viitasalo4,
  4. Mikko Härmä2,
  5. Markku Peltonen1,
  6. Jaana Lindström1
  1. 1Department of Health, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland
  2. 2Development of Work and Organizations, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
  3. 3Institute of Behavioural Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
  4. 4Finnair Health Services, Vantaa, Finland
  1. Correspondence to Katri Hemiö, Department of Health, National Institute for Health and Welfare, P.O. Box 30, Helsinki FI-00271, Finland; katri.hemio{at}thl.fi

Abstract

Objectives Over 20% of employees in Europe work in shifts. Shift work increases the risk for chronic diseases, but a healthy lifestyle may attenuate the adverse effect of shift work. The aim of this study was to explore food and nutrient intake differences between working time groups.

Methods The participants were 1478 employees (55% of men) of an airline divided into three working time groups: day work (n=608), shift work without in-flight work (n=541) and in-flight work (n=329). Measures included laboratory tests, physical measurements, a questionnaire, and food and nutrient intake estimations by a validated 16-item food intake questionnaire.

Results Shift working men were less likely to consume vegetables (p<0.001) and fruits (p=0.049) daily than male day and in-flight workers. In women, energy intake from saturated fat was higher among shift workers compared with day workers (12.6 vs 12.2 E%, p=0.023). In older female participants, energy intake from fat and saturated fat was higher in the shift work and in-flight work groups than in the day work group (p<0.001).

Conclusions In this study, shift work and working environment were associated with dietary habits, and this association was not explained by other characteristics such as workers’ educational level. Shift workers’ increased risk for chronic diseases should be taken into account and lifestyle counselling including advice in nutrition should be incorporated in routine occupational healthcare of shift workers.

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.