Office workers' risk factors for the development of non-specific neck pain: a systematic review of prospective cohort studies
- Arpalak Paksaichol1,
- Prawit Janwantanakul1,
- Nithima Purepong1,
- Praneet Pensri1,
- Allard J van der Beek2
- 1Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
- 2Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
- Correspondence to Professor Prawit Janwantanakul, Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand;
Contributors All authors have contributed substantially to the manuscript. AP conducted a systematic review and the writing of the manuscript. PJ was one of reviewers and provided the conception and the drafting of the manuscript. NP was one of reviewers and provided the conception and critical revision of the manuscript. PP and AJvdB provided the conception and critical revision of the manuscript. The final manuscript has been approved by all authors who have taken due care to ensure the integrity of the work.
- Accepted 20 January 2012
- Published Online First 12 May 2012
The purpose of this study was to systematically review prospective cohort studies to gain insights into risk factors for the development of non-specific neck pain in office workers as well as to assess the strength of evidence. Publications were systematically searched from 1980 - March 2011 in several databases. The following key words were used: neck pain paired with risk or prognostic factors and office or computer or visual display unit or visual display terminal. Relevant studies were retrieved and assessed for methodological quality by two independent reviewers. The strength of the evidence was based on methodological quality and consistency of the results. Five high-quality and two low-quality prospective cohort studies investigating the predictive value of 47 individual, work-related physical and work-related psychosocial factors for the onset of non-specific neck pain in office workers were included in this review. Strong evidence was found for female gender and previous history of neck complaints to be predictors of the onset of neck pain. Interestingly, for a large number of factors that have been mentioned in the literature as risk factors for neck pain, such as high physical leisure activity, low social support, and high psychosocial stress, we found no predictive value for future neck pain in office workers. Literature with respect to the development of non-specific neck pain in office workers is scant. Only female gender and previous history of neck complaints have been identified as risk factors that predict the onset of neck pain.
- Visual display unit
- neck pain
- systematic review
- health promotion
- exposure assessment
Funding This work was funded by Chulalongkorn University Centenary Academic Development Project (12) and Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University.
Competing interests None.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.