Objective: The aim of the study was to estimate the hazard ratio for disability pension associated with shift work.
Methods: Cohorts of shift and day workers were identified in three waves of the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study and followed up for incidence of disability pension in a national register of social transfer payment. A total of 3980 female and 4025 male employees were included in the cohorts. Information about shift work status, age, smoking habits, Body Mass Index and ergonomic work environment were updated according to responses in subsequent waves of the survey when possible. Respondents reporting shift work were classified as shift workers in the following waves as well. Respondents were followed in the register from the time of first interview and were censored at the time of their 60th birthday, emigration, death, or end of follow-up (June 18th 2006). We used the Cox proportional hazards model to estimate hazard ratios (HR) for incidence of disability pension and 95% confidence intervals (CI).
Results: We observed 253 new disability pensions among women and 173 among men during 55903 and 57886 person years at risk respectively, Among women shift work predicted disability after adjustment for age, general health and socioeconomic status HR = 1.39 (95% CI: 1.07-1.82). After further adjustment for Body Mass Index and ergonomic exposures the association remained statistically significant HR=1.34 (95% CI: 1.02-1.75). Shift work was not associated with disability among men.
Conclusion: Shift work might be moderately associated with disability pension among women but more powerful studies are needed to establish the possible association.
- Early retirement
- Evening work
- Long hours
- Morning shift
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