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Inequities in reporting asbestos-related lung cancer: influence of smoking stigma and physician's specialty, workload, and role perception
  1. Pierre Verger (verger{at}marseille.inserm.fr)
  1. Southeastern Health Regional Observatory, INSERM UMR 379, France
    1. Sandrine Arnaud
    1. Southeastern Health Regional Observatory, France
      1. Stephanie Ferrer
      1. Southeastern Health Regional Observatory, France
        1. Gwenaelle Iarmarcovai
        1. Southeastern Health Regional Observatory, France
          1. Marie-Laure Saliba
          1. Southeastern Health Regional Observatory, France
            1. Alain Viau
            1. Southeastern Health Regional Observatory, France
              1. Marc Souville
              1. Universite de Provence, UFR Psychologie, Sciences de l'Education, France

                Abstract

                Objectives: To study physician barriers to workers’ compensation claims for asbestos-related cancers, focusing on smokers’ stigma and physicians’ speciality and role perception. Methods: Cross-sectional telephone study of 486 randomly-selected physicians: general practitioners (GPs) and pulmonologists in southeastern France. Standardised questionnaires explored their behaviour, attitudes and practices in the field of occupational health and their responses to a case-vignette about a lung cancer patient with long-term occupational asbestos exposure. Randomised subgroups of GPs and pulmonologists heard alternative versions varying only in the worker’s smoking status. We studied factors associated with the recommendation that the case-vignette patient file a compensation claim with simple and multiple logistic regressions. Results: The response rate was 64.4% among GPs and 62.5% among pulmonologists. Recommending the filing of an occupational disease claim was significantly associated in multiple logistic regressions with speciality (OR=4.46; 95%CI=2.38-8.37, for pulmonologists versus GPs), patient’s smoking status (OR=3.15; 95%CI=2.11-4.70, for non-smokers versus smokers), physician’s workload (OR=1.83; 95%CI= 1.17-2.88, for ≤25 consultations per day versus >25), and role perception (OR=2.00; 95%CI=1.22-3.27, for those who considered completing occupational disease medical certificates to be part of their role versus those who did not). Conclusions: The results of this French study appear applicable to various countries and contexts. To make physicians and especially GPs more aware of occupational health and smoking stigma, officials and educators must give these topics higher priority during initial training and continuing medical education. Tools and equipment that take time constraints into account should be developed and disseminated to help physicians manage occupational diseases.

                • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
                • Occupational diseases
                • Physicians
                • Stigmatization
                • Workers' Compensation

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