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The Impact of OSHA Recordkeeping Regulation Changes on Occupational Injury And Illness Trends In The U.S.: A Time-Series Analysis
  1. Lee S Friedman (lfriedman{at}tspri.org)
  1. University of Illinois at Chicago, United States
    1. Linda S Forst (forst-l{at}uic.edu)
    1. University of Illinois at Chicago, United States

      Abstract

      Objectives: The Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII), based on OSHA logs, indicates that the number of occupational injuries and illnesses in the U.S. have steadily declined by 35.8% between 1992-2003. However, major changes to the OSHA recordkeeping standard occurred in 1995 and 2001. We assess the relationship between changes in OSHA recordkeeping regulations and the trend in occupational injuries and illnesses. Methods: We collected SOII data available from the Bureau of Labor Statistics for years 1992-2003. We assessed time series data using joinpoint regression models. Results: Prior to the first major recordkeeping change in 1995, injuries and illnesses declined annually by 0.5%. In the period 1995-2000 the slope declined by 3.1% annually (CI95%=-3.7%, -2.5%), followed by another more precipitous decline occurring in 2001-2003 (-8.3%; CI95%=-10.0%, -6.6%). When stratifying the data, we continued to observe significant changes occurring in 1995 and 2001. Conclusions: The substantial declines in the number of injuries and illnesses correspond directly with changes in OSHA recordkeeping rules. Changes in employment, productivity, OSHA enforcement activity and sampling error do not explain the large decline. Based on the baseline slope (joinpoint regression analysis, 1992-1994), we expected a decline of 407,964 injuries and illnesses during the period of follow-up if no intervention occurred. But in fact we observed a decline of 2.4 million injuries and illnesses of which 2 million or 83% of the decline can be attributed to the change in the OSHA recordkeeeping rules.

      • Occupational injuries
      • Surveillance
      • Time-series
      • Underreporting
      • Workers

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