Background Nursing is considered as a stressful job, eliciting physical and psychological diseases among professionals (Nantsupawat et al., 2016), since they are exposed to psychosocial risks at work when they deal with patients’ death or aggressions, disease contagion or they witness patients’ trauma and suffering. Some personal attributes contribute to burnout, such as anxiety traits (Meekyung et al., 2012).
Aims To know anxiety and burnout levels among nurses, to identify anxiety as burnout predictor, and to verify their variations according socio-demographic and professional characteristics.
Method Data were collected using an anonymous questionnaire composed by sociodemographic questions, and Portuguese versions of STAI (Spielberger, 1983; Silva & Campos, 1999) and MBI (Maslach & Jackson, 1997; Marques-Pinto & Picado, 2011). Participated 347 Portuguese nurses (67% from hospitals, 62% working by shifts; 68% with a definitive job contract, mean age of 34.5 years, mean job experience of 11.5 years, 72% female).
Results Burnout presents a moderate level, with moderated emotional exhaustion (M = 2.7 on 0–6 scale), low depersonalization (M = 1.0) and high personal accomplishment (M = 4.5). Anxiety is moderated, with anxiety state higher than anxiety trait (respectively M = 2.0 and M = 1.9). Using cut-off points for burnout (Maroco et al., 2016), high levels were found on 41% of the sample for emotional exhaustion, 7% for depersonalization and 94% for personal accomplishment. Working by shifts and work place influences burnout and anxiety. Anxiety trait correlates with burnout dimensions and predicts them stronger than anxiety state. Anxiety predicts 28% of emotional exhaustion, 8% of depersonalization and 13% of personal accomplishment. Individual and professional characteristics only predict nearby 5% of depersonalization.
Conclusions Anxiety plays an important role to burnout vulnerability, suggesting the need to prepare nurses with better self-knowledge about their reactions to cope with stressful events at work. Research about nurses’ burnout, such as the INT-SO project does on Portugal, Spain and Brazil can be useful to understand burnout vulnerability.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.