Background Presenteeism is defined as attending work while unhealthy. This phenomenon requires management attention due to related risks for work safety and productivity. Objective: Evaluate the factors associated with presenteeism in nursing workers.
Method Cross-sectional study developed with care nursing staff at University Hospital – Sao Paulo, Brazil, using Sociodemographic and Occupational questionnaire and Presenteeism Scale Stanford (SPS-6) for workers who reported working while sick. Descriptive statistics and multiple linear regression analysis were made.
Results In a total of 379 participants, 331 (87.3%) were women, 230 (60.6%) had a partner and their mean age was 41.6 years old. The mean time of employment in the institution was 16.2 years, with a mean of 14.0 years of professional experience. The mean working hours were 38.5 per week. Of the total participants, 228 (60.2%) reported not to work with a health problem, 90 (23.7%) were scored with high presenteeism (best performance) and 61 (16.1%) with low presenteeism (reduced performance). The health problems most commonly reported were musculoskeletal disorders 92 (60.9%), headache and migraine 21 (13.9%), and gastrointestinal disorders 19 (12.6%). Regression analysis showed the higher the years at the profession (β=0.159, p = 0.002) and the higher the hours on the way to work (β=1.588, p = 0.017), the higher performance at work. Workers with ≥02 jobs had lower performance at work than the other workers (β=−2.936, p = 0.023).
Conclusion The workers with longer professional experience and longer time on the way to work have better performance. Double job contracts affect performance at work. However, the study highlighted the need for more research to elucidate their low performance with a view to implementing prevention strategies.
- Occupational health
- Nursing management
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