Low back pain is a health problem which is related to incorrect postures of work. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and factors related to low back pain in informal sectors at a fish harbour.
A cross-sectional study was conducted in 217 informal sectors working at a fish harbour using the interviewed questionnaires. Data informed about personal characteristics, working conditions, work experiences, duration of work, and ill-health, low back pain characteristics. Descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic regression were used.
Of 217 informal sectors, 149 (68.7%) had reported low back pain. Most of them had reported pain scale between 6–7 (moderate pain). The personal characteristics including age (OR 1.09, 95% CI: 1.056–1.127), nationality, particularly Cambodians (OR 7.90, 95% CI: 1.02–61.22), and body weight (OR 1.03, 95% CI: 1.00–1.06) were associated with developing low back pain in these workers. After adjusted for age, gender, weight, nationality and height, job working on separated marine animals was associated to develop low back pain in these workers (ORadj. 2.34, 95% CI: 1.01–5.44).
In conclusion, a high prevalence of low back pain was found in this study. According to this, the employers should consider to provide the knowledge and training about the ergonomics and practice the correct postures at work for informal sectors. This may reduce the low back pain and making work more effectiveness.
- informal sector
- low back pain
- fish harbour
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