The Infection by the virus of the Hepatitis B is one of major problems of the World Health and the hospital staff is particularly exposed to this risk, this infection can be prevented by the vaccination of all those at risk.
Objective To assess the rate of vaccination against hepatitis B among the hospital staff of the University Hospital of Sidi Bel Abbes (SBA).
Methods This is a retrospective descriptive study including all hospital staff of the University Hospital of Sidi Bel Abbes on 6-month period from January 1st to June 30th 2015.
The data collection was done using a questionnaire pre etablished filled by two occupational physicians from the medical records of occupational health and hepatitis B immunisation registry. The questionnaire included several components :
socio-demographic characteristics (age, sex …)
Professional characteristics : workstation, professional category, Professional seniority, service … Professional history (notion of blood exposure accidents, hepatitis B or C)
Vaccination status: noting the doses received by each subject.
Results The study population is represented by 2222 employees, the average age was 41.38 ± 9.1 years with a female predominance (56.9%), seniority at work was 12 ± 9.3 years.
Nurses accounted for more than half of hospital staff.
About 2222 workers, more than half were regularly vaccinated against hepatitis B (53.6%) and 6.5% were being vaccination.
The staff at high-risk services seems best vaccinated.
Conclusion Vaccination against viral hepatitis B remains insufficient. raising awareness about the risk of blood exposure accidents and the use of personal protection seem indispensable.
- hepatitis B
- hospital staff.
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