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0025 Assessment and estimates of exposure to synthetic amorphous silica at five German production plants
  1. Peter Morfeld1,2,
  2. Dirk Taeger3,
  3. Heike Mitura4,
  4. Axel Bosch5,
  5. Adrian Nordone6,
  6. Reinhard Vormberg7,
  7. Robert McCunney8,
  8. Rolf Merget3
  1. 1Institute for Occupational Epidemiology and Risk Assessment (IERA) of Evonik Industries, Essen, Germany
  2. 2Institute and Policlinic for Occupational Medicine, Environmental Medicine and Prevention Research, Köln, Germany
  3. 3Institute for Prevention and Occupational Medicine of the German Social Accident Insurance, Bochum, Germany
  4. 4AQura GmbH, Hanau, Germany
  5. 5Wacker Chemie AG, Burghausen, Germany
  6. 6Cabot Corporation, Boston, USA
  7. 7Evonik Industries AG, Hanau, Germany
  8. 8Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Boston, USA

Abstract

Objectives Synthetic amorphous silicas (SAS) are nanostructured polymorphs of silicon dioxide. We compared two different exposure assessments.

Method This study estimated cumulative exposure to inhalable SAS dust in 484 male workers from five German SAS producing plants. Two procedures (P1, P2) were applied. P1 was based on an expert assessment. P2 was a multiple exposure assessment (15 scenarios) anchored by a recent measurement series (1375 personal measurements of inhalable SAS dust concentration) and used expert assessments.

Results Cumulative exposure estimates for P1 averaged 56.9 mg/m3-years (range: 0.1 to 419); for a selected P2 scenario the mean was 31.8 mg/m3-years (range: 0.4 to 480), (p < 0.0001). Averages varied between the 15 P2-scenarios from 12.6 to 109.6 mg/m3-years. Different time trends for SAS concentrations were observed.

Conclusions Both approaches suffer from considerable uncertainties that need to be considered in the epidemiological morbidity study.

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