Objectives To evaluate the prevalence, reliability and severity of symptoms of urinary incontinence (UI) in adolescent female soccer players and the impact of those symptoms on quality of life.
Method The present work is a cross-sectional study of 59 female adolescents divided into a group of athletes, which included 35 adolescent amateur soccer players aged between 12 and 19 years (15.6 ± 2.0), and a control group, which included 24 adolescents aged 11 to 19 years (14.8 ± 2.4) who did not practice any sports. The International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Short Form (ICIQ-SF), the pad test and King’s Health Questionnaire (KHQ) were used for evaluation.
Results The athletes displayed 62.8% positivity the pad test and the ICIQ-SF, whereas the control group exhibited 25% positivity. A medium agreement of 0.45 was found between the applied evaluation scales, as assessed with Cohen’s kappa coefficient. In terms of quality of life (as assessed with the KHQ), the athletes exhibited a score of 35.2 in the General Health domain, 37.3 in the Emotions domain and 26.5 in the Sleep/Energy domain.
Conclusions In the present study, a high prevalence of UI symptoms was found in soccer athletes, with moderate reliability between the pad test and the ICIQ-SF; mild UI was found in both groups. The athletes had the highest scores on the General Health, Emotions and Sleep/Energy domains, which are considered to have the highest impact on quality of life.
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