Objectives A multidisciplinary intervention study aimed at reducing quartz exposure in the Dutch construction industry was performed. We aimed to assess the effect of the intervention on exposure level and psycho-social and organisational factors.
Method Eight participating construction companies were randomly allocated to an intervention (n = 4) or control group (n = 4). Following the Intervention Mapping approach, the intervention aimed at engineering, organisational and psycho-social factors. Pre and post-intervention respirable quartz measurements (n = 300) were taken from workers from all eight companies. Questionnaires and observation forms were used to assess pre and post psycho-social and organisational factors.
Results Pre-intervention assessment demonstrated highest respirable quartz levels for concrete drillers, tuck pointers and demolishers (GM respectively 0.20, 0.18 and 0.12 mg/m3), exceeding the Dutch occupational exposure limit (OEL) in 62% of the measurements. Identified control measures resulted in 30% reduction in quartz exposure. More social influence was associated with a 1.5 fold increased use of control measures. The post intervention assessments will become available early 2014.
Conclusions High exposure levels exceeding the Dutch OEL were observed. Associations between organisational, psycho-social and use of control measures found during the pre-intervention, were taken into consideration when developing the intervention strategy. A comparison between pre and post intervention outcomes will be presented during the conference. The effect of changes in exposure levels as a result of the intervention will be assessed with a health impact assessment model incorporating population dynamics.
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