Objective Nursing morbidity profile has changed according to the working conditions. The profile that was composed of needlestick injuries and infectious diseases a few decades ago has nowadays become prevalent for musculoskeletal disorders. Knowing the health indicators of these workers is an essential tool to implement strategies to promote their health and monitor them. The aim of this study was to analyse health indicators related to nursing work, according to the institutional determinants and health problems.
Methods The study is characterised as epidemiological descriptive, cross-sectional and retrospective, and it was conducted in seven university hospitals in Brazil, in a universe of 44. From 2008 to 2009, information about the health problems of nursing staff-related work was sent by hospitals to researchers. The “System for Monitoring the Health of Nursing Workers (SIMOSTE)”, that is an online system to capture data was used. For data analysis descriptive statistics was used. After the data analysis the System allows to verify the 13 proposed indicators.
Results The indicators highlight regional disparities of the country. The indicators related to the work dynamics show, on average, that nursing staff represent 38.4% of the health team of the hospitals, nurses represent 21.8% of nursing team, and the ratio of 2.4 nursing staff per bed was found. Considering the indicators related to exposure to workloads and strain processes, the most often are the physiological workloads (RR = 43.8), biological (RR = 29.5) and psychic (RR = 26.5); the health problems reported were musculoskeletal disorders (21.5%), trauma, and external causes (13%), mental and behavioural disorders (8.3%). The indicator that relates the consequences show that in one year were registered more than 8,000 days lost at work.
Conclusion In synthesis, these indicators will allow the accompanying of effectiveness of the preventive measures adopted by the hospitals and the improvement of working conditions.
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