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Workload and injury
Socio-occupational status, gender and health outcomes: the First National Survey on Working Conditions and Health. Argentina 2010
  1. Cecilia Ines Cornelio,
  2. Maria Jose Itati Iñiguez,
  3. Alfredo Esteban,
  4. Maria Marta Sapoznik
  1. Superintendence of Labour Risk, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Abstract

Objectives To evaluate worker's health outcomes from a social-occupational perspective among sectors of the economy in Argentina.

Methods We use data from the First Employment, Working Conditions and Health Survey carried out in 2009: 7200 samples cases representative of 3 millions workers in different economic sectors across Argentina. To determine the association between health outcomes and professional qualification by economic sector, prevalence and ORs with 95% CIs were estimated using Answer Tree models and Logistic regression models. The dependent variables were: Work Injuries, Occupational Diseases and Healthcare visits. Separate analysis was performed by sex.

Results Major prevalence of Injuries were identified among men at Industry and Construction with 24.7% and 21.4% for non-qualified and qualified operators respectively, while for male professional workers prevalence was around 4%. Highest prevalence (8%) of occupational disease was observed among professional women in Services. 37% and 30% of female professional and non-qualified female operators had at least one healthcare visit. Among men that was around 25% and 15% respectively. In Industry, the highest injuries ratio in men was observed in the non-qualified operators (OR 2.7 CI 1.69 to 7.9) compared with the professional category. About reported occupational disease rates in male, non significance differences were observed among qualifications. In contrast, non-qualified/qualified female operators had 50% less ratio than the professional ones (OR 0.51, 0.25 to 0.91).

Conclusions For a comprehensive understanding of health outcomes in the working population, it is necessary to include variables from a socio-occupational status and gender point of view.

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