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Injuries
Reduction of occupational injuries by conduction of a preventive training programme – an epidemiological follow-up study in the German glass industry
  1. Jutta Börger1,
  2. Yi Sun1,
  3. Frank Bochmann1,
  4. Karlheinz Guldner2,
  5. Klaus Ponto3,
  6. Bernd Rose3
  1. 1Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Sankt Augustin, Germany
  2. 2Verwaltungs-Berufsgenossenschaft, Würzburg, Germany
  3. 3Berufsgenossenschaft Holz und Metall, Mainz, Germany

Abstract

Objectives To facilitate the effective prevention of occupational injuries, a preventive training programme was developed by the work safety professionals of the German Social Accident Insurance focusing on the improvement of job-specific safety behavior and risk management. The effectiveness of this training program was evaluated in an epidemiological follow-up study among employees in the German glass industry.

Methods Intervention of 1 year work safety training (2002–03) was conducted among employees (n=860) in 10 factories producing flat glasses. The change of occupational injuries was observed over a period of 14 years (1996 – 2009) among workers in both intervention group and a reference population of all workers producing flat glass in Germany (n=14.200). The effectiveness of this training program was evaluated by interrupted time series analysis adjusted by time trend and factories.

Results Our analysis demonstrates a negative trend of about 5% decrease of occupational injuries each year. In addition to the negative time trend, intervention lead to about 37% decrease of compensable occupational injuries. Intervention seems to be more effective among factories with a higher injury rate than that with a lower injury rate. Large international firms seem to be more cooperative in the preventive training program, and have in general a much lower injury rate than the small and middle sized firms.

Conclusions Our study indicates that job-specific work safe training may significantly reduce the occupational injuries, especially among high risk workers.

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