A case crossover study of triggers for hand injuries in commercial fishing
- 1Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
- 2Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
- 3Departments of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, School of Public Health, The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
- 4Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, School of Public Health, The University of Nevada, Reno, NV, USA
- 5Department of Orthopaedics, School of Medicine, The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
- 6The Injury Prevention Research Center, The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
- Dr Kristen L Kucera, Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Department of Community and Family Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, 2200 W Main St, Suite 700, Durham, NC 27705, USA;
- Accepted 19 September 2007
- Published Online First 10 October 2007
Objectives: Previous studies estimate hand and wrist injuries are common in commercial fishing. Risk factors including working with catch, handling gear and slips or falls, have been identified from activity and injury contact reports, but no studies have examined the influence of transient risk factors, or triggers. This case crossover study design was conducted to investigate triggers for acute hand trauma in commercial fishing.
Methods: A case crossover study was nested within a previously established prospective cohort of 217 southeastern United States commercial fishermen followed from April 1999 through October 2001. Hand injury cases and controls were matched using three control selection strategies. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated to determine if transient risk factors such as glove use, engaging in more than one type of fishing, maintenance activities and other covariates of interest increased the risk of occupational traumatic hand/wrist/digit injuries.
Results: 21% (46/217) of fishermen reported one or more hand/wrist/digit injuries, yielding 65 eligible cases. Performing maintenance work (any vs none) (OR 3.1, 95% CI 1.8 to 5.5) and using multiple types of fishing equipment in comparison to using only one type (OR 1.9, 95% CI 0.9 to 3.8) were associated with increased risk of hand/wrist/digit injury. There was no evidence glove use was protective (any vs none) for hand/wrist/digit injury (OR 0.9, 95% CI 0.5 to 1.7).
Conclusions: The case crossover design is a useful method to determine triggers of commercial fishing-related hand/wrist/digit injuries. Maintenance work was strongly associated with hand/wrist/digit injury for these fishermen.
▸ An additional figure is published online only at http://oem.bmj.com/content/vol65/issue5
Competing interests: None.