Article Text

PDF

Exposure to toluene increases the urinary excretion of D-glucaric acid.
  1. A Moretto,
  2. M Lotti
  1. Istituto di Medicina del Lavoro dell'Università di Padova, Padua, Italy.

    Abstract

    Workers at a printing plant exposed to low concentrations of toluene (43-401 mg/m3, median 155 mg/m3) had increased urinary D-glucaric acid (3.55-5.12 mmol/mol creatinine) excretion at the end of the shift compared with controls (2.45-3.35 mmol/mol creatinine). No increase was found after the summer holiday (1.92-2.89 mmol/mol creatinine) but excretion had increased two weeks later (4.05-5.55 mmol/mol creatinine). These changes in the excretion of D-glucaric acid were not correlated to levels of exposure, to changes of urinary hippuric acid and o-cresol half lives (three to eight hours), nor to o-cresol/hippuric acid concentration ratios when measured at the end of daily exposure. Since a significant intra and interindividual variability of urinary D-glucaric acid was found in all groups, urinary D-glucaric acid excretion is suitable to monitor group but not individual exposure.

    Statistics from Altmetric.com

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.