The urinary excretion of the n-hexane metabolite 2,5-hexanedione (HD) was determined in four shoe factory workers during four workingdays that were preceded by four free days and followed by two free days. The correlation between excretion of HD and the n-hexane concentrations in the workroom air was evaluated. The air concentrations of n-hexane and those of acetone, toluene, and other organic solvents were monitored with charcoal tubes. All the urine from each worker was collected at freely chosen intervals during the experimental period and the following two free days. The samples were analysed by gas chromatography. The relative excretion of HD increased as the exposure to n-hexane increased, although it seemed that HD accumulated progressively in the body at the highest n-hexane concentrations and at higher total solvent concentrations.