A comparative study of the effects of biphenyl and Kanechlor-400 (KC-400) on the respiratory and energy linked activities of rat liver mitochondria was made, and some differences in effects caused by the chlorination of biphenyl were clarified. The inhibition of state 3 respiration with succinate by biphenyl was less than that observed with alpha-ketoglutarate/malate. By contrast, KC-400 exhibited the opposite trend; state 3 respiration with succinate was more sensitive to inhibition than that observed with alpha-ketoglutarate/malate. Thus the inhibition of state 3 respiration with NAD+-linked substrate was decreased, whereas the inhibition of state 3 respiration with succinate was increased by the chlorination of aromatic rings. Biphenyl also instantaneously stimulated state 4 respiration. The extent of stimulation with succinate by biphenyl was larger than with alpha-ketoglutarate-malate. On the other hand, there was about a 1-2 minute lag period before stimulation of state 4 respiration by KC-400 became obvious. Furthermore, state 4 respiration in the presence of alpha-ketoglutarate/malate was more intensely stimulated by KC-400 than by succinate. Biphenyl and KC-400 dissipated the membrane potential across the mitochondrial membranes. The dissipation of membrane potential by biphenyl was instantaneous whereas that caused by KC-400 was preceded by a lag period (1-2 min). Biphenyl and KC-400 altered the permeability properties of mitochondrial membranes as evidenced by the release of endogenous K+. The release of K+ due to biphenyl was instantaneous but KC-400 induced K+-release was preceded by a lag period (1-2 min). Thus membrane perturbation by biphenyl was faster than that induced by KC-400. Therefore, it is clear that the chlorination of aromatic rings delays the perturbation in the state of membrane lipids.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.