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Decompression sickness in caisson workers
  1. Samir H. El Ghawabi,
  2. Mohamed B. Mansour,
  3. Fatma L. Youssef,
  4. Mohamed H. El Ghawabi,
  5. Mohamed M. Abd El Latif
  1. The National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Heliopolis, Cairo, U.A.R.

    Abstract

    El Ghawabi, S. H., Mansour, M. B., Youssef, F. L., El Ghawabi, M. H., and Abd El Latif, M. M. (1971).Brit. J. industr. Med.,28, 323-329. Decompression sickness in caisson workers. An investigation of 55 bridge construction workers is reported. The overall bends rate was 0·97%. (The term `bends' as used in this study is defined in the paper.) Chokes were encountered in 67·27% of workers. A clinical, haematological, and radiological study was performed.

    Definite bony changes were found in 43·6% of all workers; 91·6% of these had lesions around the elbow. The presence of dense areas in the neck of the scapula is reported in two cases for the first time. The relatively high haematocrit value is thought to play a part in the pathogenesis of bone infarction through its relation with blood viscosity.

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