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Quantitative determination in urine of hippuric acid and m- or p-methylhippuric acid, metabolites of toluene and m- or p-xylene
  1. Masana Ogata,
  2. Katsumaro Tomokuni,
  3. Yoshiko Takatsuka
  1. Department of Public Health, Okayama University Medical School, Okayama, Japan

    Abstract

    Ogata, M., Tomokuni, K., and Takatsuka, Y. (1969).Brit. J. industr. Med.,26, 330-334. Quantitative determination in urine of hippuric acid and m- or p-methylhippuric acid, metabolites of toluene and m- or p-xylene. Improved and more specific methods for the quantitative determination of hippuric and m- and p-methylhippuric acids in urine are described. The acids were extracted from urine with ether/ethanol, which was dried with silica gel, or with ethyl acetate. After removing the solvent by evaporation coloured azlactones were formed by reaction with p-dimethylaminobenzaldehyde in acetic anhydride (DAB, only usable after ether/ethanol extraction) or benzenesulphonyl chloride in pyridine, and the absorbances were measured. The sensitivities were about 4 μg./ml. of urine using DAB, and 20 μg./ml. of urine using benzenesulphonyl chloride reagent. Separation of hippuric and methylhippuric acids was achieved by paper and thin-layer chromatography before estimation. A spot test is also described.

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